Popular National Parks in India – What is National Park? An area, whether within a sanctuary or not, can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment.
National Parks of India act as an apt place for preserving animals by providing natural habitat and prey. The anthropogenic activities like developmental activities, industrial activities, forestry, poaching, hunting, and cultivation are not permitted.
There are nearly 400 such national parks in India, and each one of them has something unique to offer, be it the tiger or lion sightings, rhino or elephant spotting, or any of the other predators and prey animals!
Today I am showing up the list of National Parks in India (not 400 but the Top 10) that you can’t ignore.
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Top 10 – List of National Parks in India
Corbett National Park – Uttarakhand (Since 1936)
Famous as the oldest national parks in India, this national park in Uttarakhand protects the endangered Bengal tiger. Glorified by the name of the legendary hunter-turned conservationist Jim Corbett, the park is one of the best wildlife sighting destinations in the country. Moreover, the park has a large area, which is divided into five zones. The Jim Corbett National Park map can help you to go around safely and without getting lost inside the forest.
Other animals to be spotted here include several species of deer, leopards, jackals, red foxes, black bear, sloth bear, and monkeys. Tourists can book jeep safaris for early morning and afternoons.
Kanha National Park – Madhya Pradesh (Since 1955)
Kanha National Park is Tiger reserve park and occupies the area of two districts namely Mandla and Balaghat in Madhya Pradesh. The park has a vantage point called Bamni Dadar, also referred to as Sunset Point. From here, viewing the whole park is deemed the best even for the sighting of tigers and the prey it might be chasing at any particular time of the day.
The park has a significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, Barasingha and Indian wild dog. Also, a documentary has been cover by discovery on Indian wild dogs in Kanha National Park.
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Kaziranga National Park – Assam (Since 1974)
In the list of National Parks in India, Kaziranga National Park is the perfect place to spot a few wild animals such as Rhinoceros, Tiger, Elephant, Wild Buffalo and Swamp Deer. Different inhabiting and migrating birds of dwindling species are also seen here. The Birdlife International has declared it as an Important Bird Area. The park includes small water-bodies and is an expanse of marshland, tall elephant grass and tropical moist broad-leaf forests that are intersected by four rivers, including the Brahmaputra.
These attributes have made the park get listed amidst the UNESCO’ World Heritage Site List.
Gir National Park – Gujarat (Since 1965)
The Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the best places to spot wild Asiatic lions in their natural habitat. The Gir area has a very large diversity of flora and fauna. There are more than 507 species of trees and plants in the area. As for the animals, apart from the majestic lions, Porcupines, Chital, Marsh Crocodiles and Monitor Lizards are spotted quite easily. Tourists can enjoy jeep safaris here, towards early mornings, afternoons and early evenings.
So guys if you are of the adventurous kind and looking for a different kind of thrill, Gir National Park is a place to visit.
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Sundarban National Park – West Bengal (Since 1984)
Sundarbans National Park is one of the largest reserves home for the Royal Bengal Tiger. It got its name from one of the mangrove plants known as Sundari (Heritiera Minor). Its signature mangrove forest, is a particularly popular attraction here, making it one of the most visited national parks in India.
Sundarban has many small tributaries of the Ganges and also comprises of almost 50+ islands. The two popular species of Sundarbans are Royal Bengal Tiger and the salt water crocodile. Along with these, It is also home to leopard cats, chital, jungle cats, flying fox, hyena, pangolin, Indian grey mongoose among animals.
Satpura National Park – Madhya Pradesh (Since 1981)
Satpura National Park is very rich in bio-diversity. The wildlife comprises Spotted Dear, Indian Bison, Tigers, Leopards, Wild boar, Dholes, Sloth bear, Black buck, Porcupine, Sambhar, Chausingha, Otters, Marsh crocodile, Malabar squirrels, Langurs etc. Some 1,500 sq.km of Satpura forests is tiger conservation zone. This area is sufficient to relocate both Shanghai and Las Vegas.
There are a huge variety of birds including lots of water birds, hornbill and peacocks. The flora consists of mainly of Sal and famous Bori Teak forests, but also includes Tendu, Mahua and Bel trees, and a variety of bamboo species.
Kudremukh National Park – Karnataka (Since 1987)
Kudremukh National Park is also one of the best national parks in India, popular for its mountain range,scenic beauty and picturesque view of peak and hills. The park houses variety of wildlife such as tiger, leopard, wild dog, Malabar giant squirrel, common langur, sloth bear, gaur, porcupine, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, jackal, giant flying squirrel and the mongoose. The park has 3rd highest peak of Karnataka and is the second largest wildlife protected area of the State of Karnataka.
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Pin Valley National Park – Himachal Pradesh (Since 1987)
Pin Valley National Park lies in the valley of the Pin river, from where it derives its name. It is an astounding National park with snow laden high reaches and slopes. It is home to ‘the grey ghost of the Himalayas’, the snow leopard, and its prey, the ibex. Set against a back-drop of awe-inspiring icy mountain ranges, Pin Valley is snowed in for a good part of the year and a trek to this fascinating country should only be attempted by the spirited, adventurous and fit.
Ranthambore National Park- Rajasthan (Since 1980)
Ranthambore National Park is one of the biggest and most renowned national park in Northern India. It is famous for its Royal Bengal Tigers and is one of the best places in India to spot these Great Cats in the jungle. The majestic Ranthambore Fort is also situated within the limits of the Ranthambore National Park. The national park abounds in wildlife and is home to a large number of other species including chitals, sloth bears, hyenas, sambars, wild boars, nilgai and leopards.
Bandipur National Park- Karnataka (Since 1974)
Bandipur National Park is famous for a large variety of animals such as Tigers, Gaur, Sambhar, Chital, Mouse deer, Four-horned antelope, Wild dogs, Wild boar, Jackal, Sloth bear, Panther, Malabar squirrel, Porcupines and The black-knapped hare. It was once the the private hunting ground of the maharajas of Mysore. This substantial 870 square kilometer park receives a lot of tourists as its located on the way to Ooty from Mysore. The great national park of India is often visited for conservation activities like research, species monitoring, habitat management and education.
India is blessed with a rich network of national parks and wildlife reserves. If you are planning a visit to India or looking for a list of National Parks in India , pack your bags and start your journey now to any of the above mentioned park. It will be a fun-filled experience!