The national capital of India, Delhi, is one of the most famous destinations in India, which is frequently visited by large number of tourists from different corners of the world.
The capital city is popular for many reasons. And one of the most obvious reasons to visit Delhi is its monuments from the ancient time. There are many historical monuments in Delhi which serve as testaments to Delhi’s illustrious past.
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Lets find out the historical places in Delhi with pictures and information:
10 Historical Monuments in Delhi
1. Humayun’s Tomb
Reflecting a picture of Mughal India history, Humayun tomb is the most popular place among the domestic as well as foreign visitors due to its marvelous Mughal architecture. Built by Bega Begum after the death of her husband, Humayun, the Humayun’s Tomb in New Delhi lures travelers with its double domed elevation and decorative kiosks (chattris).
It is said that the complex of the tomb also houses the graves of Bega Begum, Hamida Begum, Dara Shikoh, as well as numerous other subsequent Mughals, including Emperor Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Rafi Ud-Daulat, Muhammad Kam Bakhsh and Alamgir II. The Charbagh garden that surrounds the tomb is very Persian and offer a nice place to relax.
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2. Lotus Temple (Bahai Temple)
One of the best historical monuments in Delhi, Lotus Temple is also famously known as the Bahai Temple or the Bahai House of pure worship. It is the last of seven Major Bahai’s temples built around the world. Lotus temple as its name suggest is built in a shape of lotus flower (a symbol of ‘Peace and Serenity’ as per ‘Hinduism’) with the use of marble, cement, dolomite and sand. People of all religion, community and creed can visit this temple, a well living example of the openness and equality well promoted by all the Bahai laws.
The outstanding structure of temple has 27 self-supporting clad petals arranged in group of three to form nice faces. Temple has nine doors that lead to central hall and has nine ponds also encircling the temple. As per Bahai faith, number nine is considered sacred because there are nine major religions in the world.
3. Lal Qila (Red Fort)
The Red Fort or Lal Qila is a massive red sandstone fort, which is proof of the glory of the flourishing Mughal empire in Delhi. It was 1638 when the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan planned to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi therefore he decided to build Red Fort at the bank of River Yamuna. The red fort is encircled in the area of 254.67 acres within 2.4 Kilometre.
There are sound and light shows every evening to showcase the Mughal history and ruling in Delhi. It also houses a number of museums, mahal, bagh or gardens, reservoir and gate. Not only this, on every Indian Independence Day, our honourable Prime Minister addresses the nation from this very fort, making it of utmost political and national significance to our country!
4. Qutub Minar
Qutub Minar is a most famous Indian historical monuments which is counted as the 2nd tallest (stands 73 metres tall in height) minar of India. The minaret was learnt to be actually constructed so as to mark the victory of a Muslim ruler, Qutub I-Din Aibak after claiming the last ever Hindu empire in Delhi.
A spectacular view of the city looks from the top of minar. Its first three storeys are built using red sandstones however fourth and fifth storeys are built using marble and sandstones. There is also ‘Ashoka Pillar’ in its premises. The monument has a rich history and knowing it deeply making visitors more curious about Qutab Minar.
5. Jantar Mantar
The Jantar Mantar was constructed to trace the whole astronomical phenomena and to ascertain all the scientific data from the same region. One of the top 10 historical monuments in Delhi, Jantar Mantar was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur in 1710. After its construction, the observatory was operational for seven years. Data of each day was well collected and then charted and devoted to the renowned reigning emperor.
Jantar Mantar of Delhi is even used by modern day scholars to ascertain the location of the heavenly bodies in our universe.
6. Purana Qila
Purana Qila is one of the oldest forts of Delhi. The massive construction set up by Sher Shah Suri, built during the 15th Century is what people see the fort as, in its present form. Built with red sandstone, the gates of the fort are quite big. In the present day, the site is used for numerous theater, cultural events, and concerts. It is renowned for the daily light and sound presentation after sunset. It is also believed that the place where the fort was constructed belonged to the Pandavas.
7. Jama Masjid
Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in India, and stands across the road from the Red Fort. The magnum opus mosque constructed by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan stands tall at 40 ft with 4 angles, 2 minarets and can contain 25,000 devotees. According to the 19th century writer AK Saiyid, the mosque was also ‘an important social and commercial centre where a daily market would be held on its outer steps. Here one can buy horses, birds and cloth or be entertained by jugglers and story tellers’.
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8. Swaminarayan Akshardham
One of the must visit historical monuments in Delhi, Akshardham is a Hindu house of worship, and a spiritual and cultural campus dedicated to devotion, learning and harmony. This huge and famed attraction is dedicated to exhibiting the stories and karma of Swaminarayan and to glorify the beauty of Indian culture. Witness some amazing sculptures, well-maintained garden, golden statues and so on at Akshardham. A visit to Akshardham is indeed a spiritually enriching experience.
9. India Gate
The very popular India Gate in Delhi was designed by the famous British architect, Edward Lutyens and the foundation stone was laid down by the Duke of Connaught in 1921. India Gate is originally known as All India War Memorial. Reason for giving this name to India Gate is that it is built in memory of those 82,000 soldiers who became martyr in world war I for our Country India. One of the most fascinating things you can see in India Gate is the Amar Jawan Jyoti under the arc of India gate that lit up all day and night as a tribute to brave soldiers.
10. Rashtrapati Bhavan
It is one place in Delhi that has historical significance not just for today’s and yesterday’s generation but for future generations. Official residence of the President of India, the Rashtrapati Bhavan was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens first for the British Viceroy. The most prominent and distinguishing aspect of Rashtrapati Bhavan is its dome which is superimposed on its structure. The Mughal Gardens here is very famous for its exquisite plants. During February months, the garden is open to visitors.